The Commune of Căuaș, lies between Carei and Tăşnad on national road F1, on the Ier river's bank. The municipality center is 51 km away from Satu Mare, 15 km from Carei and 9 km from Tăşnad.

According to the 2002 census Căuaş's total population was of 2539 people, 54,7% Romanian, 40,68% Hungarian and 4,56 % Roma.

Besides Căuaş (714 inhabitants), the municipality also includes: Ghenci (1217 inhabitants), Ghileşti (125 inhabitants), Ady Endre (177 inhabitants), Hotoan (193 inhabitants) and Răduleşti (113 inhabitants). Căuaş is part of Carei and Ier Plain Rural Association.

The settlement was mentioned in 1215 for the first time. Its most important medieval owners were the Kavasi and Szantai Becski families. Starting from the XVIth century the Károlyi family owned a part of the village. Căuaş was a victim of the XVIIth century Tatar invasion, even the local priest died in the attack.

The Orthodox church was built in 1882 and dedicated to the Birth of Mother of God. The Calvinist church was built in 1824 instead of an older wooden one. The bricks used for its construction came from the Hotoan Calvinst church. The village's Greek Catholic church is fairly new. It was finished after 2000.

In Căuaş's center stands a monument dedicated to soldiers who died in the Second World War.

Aurel Popp (1879-1960), famous painter was born in Căuaş. He was one of the best-known artists of the area. His birth house is currently a historical monument. Lawyer George Filep who donated all of his fortune for the elevation of Romanians, was also born here.

Răduleşti was initially part of Căuaş, but has been independent since 1954. Its Orthodox church Saint Three Hierarchs was built in 1975.

Ghileşti was mentioned in 1205 for the first time. Small nobles owned it during the Middle Ages and modern times. The Orthodox church operates in the former school that has been changed and dedicated to Saint Michael and Gabriel Archangels.

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